Article Date: 2018-05-07 (Revised: 2018-05-08)
Authors: Mostafavi SA, Khaleghi A, Mohammadi MR, Akhondzadeh S
PMID Link: 29734883
Title: Nutritional neuroscience
Abbreviation: Nutr Neurosci
Citation: Nutr Neurosci 2018 May;:1-13
Non-invasive electrical stimulation of the brain has recently been extensively investigated to regulate food craving. However, the existing literature is controversial and there are some important questions which need to be addressed about clinical and technical factors contributing to efficacy of this method. A systematic search was performed in reliable scientific databases, and 15 eligible studies were identified. The pooled standardized mean differences for the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on Visual Analogue Scale, energy intake and food craving questionnaire were -0.78 [-1.12, -0.44], -0.91 [-1.38, -0.44], -0.54 [-0.85, -0.24], respectively. Subgroup analysis showed that the most important factors associated with the impact of tDCS on food craving were the population under study, current intensity of stimulation, and number of stimulation sessions. The findings of this study support a significant impact of neuromodulation of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) on energy intake and food craving using tDCS. It is recommended that multisession bilateral stimulation of the DLPFC with the current intensity of 2 mA be used to reduce food craving.