Low-intensity ultrasound neuromodulation: An overview of mechanisms and emerging human applications.

Low-intensity ultrasound neuromodulation: An overview of mechanisms and emerging human applications.
Related ArticlesLow-intensity ultrasound neuromodulation: An overview of mechanisms and emerging human applications. Brain Stimul. 2018 Aug 23;: Authors: Fomenko A, Neudorfer C, Dallapiazza RF, Kalia SK, Lozano AM Abstract BACKGROUND: There is an emerging need for noninvasive neuromodulation techniques to improve patient outcomes while minimizing adverse events and morbidity. Low-intensity focused ultrasound (LIFUS) is gaining traction as a non-surgical experimental approach of modulating brain activity. Several LIFUS sonication parameters have been found to potentiate neural firing, suppress cortical and epileptic discharges, and alter behavior when delivered to cortical and subcortical mammalian brain regions. OBJECTIVE: This review introduces the elements of ... read more