Transcranial electrical stimulation for human enhancement and the risk of inequality: Prohibition or compensation?

Transcranial electrical stimulation for human enhancement and the risk of inequality: Prohibition or compensation?
Transcranial electrical stimulation for human enhancement and the risk of inequality: Prohibition or compensation? Bioethics. 2018 Aug 29;: Authors: Lavazza A Abstract Non-invasive brain stimulation is used to modulate brain excitation and inhibition and to improve cognitive functioning. The effectiveness of the enhancement due to transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is still controversial, but the technique seems to have large potential for improvement and more specific applications. In particular, it has recently been used by athletes, both beginners and professionals. This paper analyses the ethical issues related to tDCS enhancement, which depend on its specific features: ease of use, immediate effect, ... read more